Skin Conditions and EczemaEczema is a term for a group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become swollen or irritated. The most common type of eczema is referred to as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. Atopic describes a group of conditions with a typically inherited tendency to develop other allergic conditions, such as asthma and hay fever.
Eczema influences about 10 % to 20 % of babies and about 3 % of grownups and kids in the U.S. Many infants who establish the condition outgrow it by their tenth birthday, while some individuals continue to have signs on and off throughout life. With correct treatment, the condition typically can be managed.
What Are the Signs of Eczema?
No matter which part of the skin is affected, eczema is almost always itchy. Sometimes the itching will start before the rash appears, but when it does, the rash most typically appears on the face, back of the knees, wrists, hands, or feet. It may also impact other areas also.
Impacted locations generally appear really dry, thickened, or scaly. In fair-skinned individuals, these locations might initially appear reddish and then turn brown. Among darker-skinned people, eczema can affect pigmentation, making the affected area lighter or darker.
In infants, the itchy rash can produce an oozing, crusting condition that happens mainly on the face and scalp, but patches may appear anywhere.
What Causes Eczema?
The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it's thought to be linked to an overactive response by the body's immune system to an irritant. It is this response that causes the symptoms of eczema.
In addition, eczema is commonly discovered in households with a history of other allergies or asthma. Also, defects in the skin barrier might permit wetness out and bacteria in.
Some individuals might have "flare-ups" of the scratchy rash in reaction to specific compounds or conditions. For some, entering contact with rough or coarse materials may cause the skin to become itchy. For others, click here feeling too hot or too cold, exposure to certain household products like soap or cleaning agent, or entering into contact with animal dander might trigger a break out. Upper breathing infections or colds may also be triggers. Stress may cause the condition to worsen.
Although there is no cure, most people can successfully handle their condition with medical treatment and by preventing irritants. The condition is not infectious and cannot be spread from person to person.